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May 2005


Bhai Roop Chand ji Khokhar


We feel proud when we remember Sikh saint soldiers like Bhai Bhagtu ji, Bhai Mani Singh ji, Bhai Jaita ji, Baba Deep Singh ji and Bhai Roop Chand ji etc. there has been five Bhai families upon whom title of Bhai has been conferred. These are Bhai Bhagtu family, Bhai Behlo family. Pandit Ganga Ram family, Bhai Roop Chand family and Daroli family


    Similarly when Raja Sada’s son Sidhu married to Bibi Surti of Vada Ghar near Daroli, then on the day of marriage 16th Jyesth 1670 she had chance to meet Guru Hargobind ji, as her father Bhai Aqal was disciple of Guru Arjan Dev ji. She begged for sikhe for her husband who was along with his family worshiper of Sakhi-Server. Guru Hargobind ji blessed her and professed that a boy would take birth, which will be honored by public and kings as a Sikh.

     A very beautiful boy took birth on 3- vasaikh and 6th guru himself named him “Roop chand’. Father sidhu and son Roop Chand were superintending the harvesting of the crop. It was very hot day .They had a goat skin bottle hung from a branch in the shade of the neighboring tree. The water was exceptionally cool and sweet. Both moved with devotion, dedicated the water as offering to the Guru and refrained from drinking it. The heat grew more intense their thirst more aggravated, till they almost swooned by exhaustion. But neither father nor son would touch. On the other hand  Guru Hargobindji  by his omniscience he was aware of the distress which both suffered on account of  deep devotion to him . Guru ji traveled 32 miles despite heat of the day and met both and drank water to his fill sharing with his devoted disciples. In token of his appreciation of their love and devotion to Him, Guruji gave his sword; horse .To this day there stands on the spot the JAND tree to commemorate the event. With deep reverence, Sidhu and Roop Chand placed the sword and robes on their heads and led the horse to their home by a rope, for they considered these presents too sacred for their own use. Observing this, the guru was greatly touched by their devotion and respect for him. He blessed them with remark that their word would be more potent than sword and that they need not use the weapon but should keep it in trust for the Guru’s descendants to claim. And He also remarked that Sikhs will follow their example and keep a miniature sword on their heads; since then comes the present custom of a small Kirpan in the Sikh’s hairs. Guru laid the foundation on the 16th Baisakh,1687 Bikrmi (1630 A.D.) of Village Bhai Roopa naming it after Bhai Roop Chand.In august 1631 Guru Hargobind Sahib , with 3000 warriors again visited Bhai Roopa and stayed there for three months. The Guru in recognition of devotion, honoured Roop Chand with The title of  “Bhai” own brother and put him in charge of the spiritual welfare of the new malwa and the country south of Sutle. With his own hands the guru put Bhai Roop Chand on the MASAND and put on his forehead the TILAK, saffron mark of leadership of the area and gave KARCHHA, along spoon , asking him to feed the poor and the needy. This KARCHHA is still kept with veneration in the Fort At Bagrian.

    In February 1644 Guru Hargobind  sahib ji died and during all ceremonies which were held in Kiratpur sahib. Bhai Roop Chand took part. After that in 1652 Guru Har-Rai ji stayed with his uncle Sai Dass at Daroli then proceeded towards Bhai Roopa village.  Kala Sidhu was devout pupil of Bhai Roop Chand. He along with his nephews Phool and Sandli begged for food from Guru. Due to mediation of Bhai Roop Chandji Guruji professed that their horses will drink water between Jamuna and Satluj and thereafter Phoolkian misle family came in to being which later sprang up as princely Patiala state.

    In the times of 9th Guru Tegbahadur ji, in Feb 1665, Bhai Roop Chand ji and his two sons Dharam Chand and Param Chand accompanied Guru. Bhai Roop Chandji remained in service of Mata Gujri ji and both sons went to Assam along with Guruji. Dharam chand ji was instrumental in diffusing enmity among Assam Rajas. Guru Teg Bahadur ji called Sahibzada (Guru Gobind) along with family. So all came from Patna, Kashi, Audia, Hardwar, Ambala, Lakhnor etc. on knowing this , Bhai Roopa family, Bhai Behlo, Daroli families met Guruji. Though Guru Gobind Singh ji was of very tender age was married to Bibi Jeeto ji at Guru Ke Lahore. Guru Teg Bahadurji decided that Bhai Roop Chand will perform the marriage ceremonies. So this legendary service was showered upon Bhai Sahib and He performed marriage ceremonies. After martyrdom of sahibzadas at Sirhind guruji came towards Malwa at village. Deena and stayed in Desoo carpenter’s house. Here Bhai Roop Chand’s sons brought attire and arms which 6th Guru presented to them and promised to take back in 10th term.10th Master on seeing those things became very happy and further gave his personal kirpan(Gatra Kirpan).

    Guruji said until you honor these things your power will remain as it is. Here elder two sons Dharam Chand and Param Chand along with other family members were baptized and were given to guru. They served Guru Gobind Singh ji till end up to Nanded. Even Param Singh died in Nanded. Guru Gobind Singh ji explained the meaning of Guru Granth Sahib to 48 of his close disciples. Above two along with  Bhai Binod, Baba Deep Singh ji, Bhai Dan Singh, Bhai Bhagwan Singh (perhaps grand father of Jassa singh Ramgarhia), Bhai Mani Singh, Bhai Kehar Singh etc. listened too Guruji at Talwandi Sabo.

    One time Guru Gobind Singh tested Bhai Dharam Singh and Param Singh. Guru sent back both by saying that one time Guru Gobind Singh ji tested Bhai Dharam singh ji and Bhai Param singh ji. Guru sent them back saying your service has been acknowledged .Bhai Roop singh got enraged on seeing them back and scolded for leaving the guru alone. He ordered both to again go to guru ji, if guru is satisfied then brings His signed letter. Both complying the order of father reached Nanded (A.P.) and met Guruji. Guru felt happy over dedication of Bhai Roop singh and his sons and gave them His personal Pothi with signature on that plus one handkerchief, small knife and showered His divine bliss. Darshan of These articles can done on Sangrand of every month at village Bagrian near Nabha. Bhai Jhujhar singh is the scion of family.

    Great guru Gobond Singh Ji went to Nanded where Baba Banda singh Bahadur came into guru’s fold. He was sent to Punjab to teach lesson to tyrants. Banda wrote letters to various Sikh sirdars for sending troops. Similar one letter was sent to Bhai roopa family and in that Bhai Dharam singh ji and Bhai Karam singh took part in Struggle in Sirhind invasion. Bhai Dharm singh ji was chief commander of Malwa army. Fateh singh of Bathinda and Dan singh Brar also fought along with them. Bhai Dharam singh along with other Sikh sirdars of time had to forcibly take possession of Harimander sahib from Banda Bahadur as he became autocratic. Then came Tat khalsa and Bandai khalsa. Into being. By this time LANGAR SEWA had spread too many villages apart from Bhai Roopa village. As Bhai sahib had seven sons Bhai dharma singh, Bhai Param Singh, Bhai Karam Singh, Bhai Mahanand, Bhai Sadanand, Bhai Surtia and Bhai Sukhia ji.

    Bhai Roop singh ji ordered bhai Dharm singh ji to populate new village so he came to create new village Dyalpura then  Bagrian, near Nabha. Bhai Param Singh’s and Surtia’s descendents  live in Bhai Roopa village. Mahanand’s descendents live in kotha guru, rawalheri and lakhnor villages. Bhai sukhia’s descendents live in samadh bhai village where Bhai Roop singh ji was cremated. Bhai Karam singh ji’s family lives in Syria wala, Thathi, Kalyan and Tolawala. Baba Guddar singh ji son of Dharm singh ji and Nawab Kapoor singh baptized Baba Ala singh (Founder of Patiala state).Gajpat rai(Nana of Maharaja Ranjit singh) was devout pupil pf baba ji. He made one fort for babaji at Dialpura Bhai village. He got son by prayer of babaji. Mai Rajji prayed that even if they should be deprived of their own share of children the Raja must be blessed with an off-spring.And the prayer was answered. “His Holiness” Bhai Sahib Bhai Arjan singh Ji was also an example as a Sikh. Even 500 persons got baptized from him( a big number at that times) , the came Bhai sahib Bhai Ardaman Singh ji served as descendent of Bhai Roop singh ji and now Bhai Sahib Bhai Ashok Singh ji  a very visionary and learned personality , respected by all, and Bhai sahib Bhai Jujjahar Singh ji are serving panth from Bagrian. Bhai Gurchet Singh ji possesses many items and serving at bhai Roopa village.Bhai Jiwanjot Singh at siryawala.

    The Bhai Roopa family possesses a bundle of HUKAMNAMAS, Royal warrants from Gurus In which, besides asking for men, money and war materials, and the guru acknowledge Bhai Roopa’s family as their own family. Family also possesses chariot, SARANDA (guitar) and KHADAWAN (wooden shoe) of Guru Arjan Devji, One KHADAWAN of Mata Gangaji.some paintings of Guru Sahib’s times including one of Guru  Gobind  Singhji’s childhood. One hand written Guru Granth Sahib Ji.One Karcha, Katar, and One Pothi also hand written, Cot which was used to bestow ‘BHAI TITLE’, Original top cloth of RATH. One Personal Pothi signed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, GATRE  WALI KIRPAN, RUMAl (handkerchief), LOH (Round Steel plate to cook roti).

Here follows the story of CHARIOT : When Ram Rai son of Guru Har Rai ji was sent by 7th guru to clarify the meaning of Sloka “Miti musalman ki pede pai ghumiar” to the then Mogul emperor Aurangjeb then Ram rai himself changed the text to “Miti beiman ke pede pai ghumiar”.On this he was debarred from becoming 8th guru. He settled at Dehradun where he was given land by empror.He had a chariot on which he used to frequent to Delhi etc.According to legend Ram Rai used to fly that chariot as he had supernatural powers. So chariot became famous as flying chariot (Rath).On the same Rath mata Gangaji went to Baba BUDDA ji for blessing of son. Darshan of That chariot can be done at Village Bhai roopa on any day. In total 101 articles given to various members of the family on different occasions are in possession with various persons.

Article By Prof. Baklwinder Singh
Books for consultation:1
1. House of Bagrian
2. Bhupindra Nandan granth.
3. Panth Parkash by Rattan singh Bhangu.
4.Khadmesh Parkash by Kalaswalia.
5. Guru Bilas Patshahi 6th.
6. Guru Bilas Patshahi 10th.
7. Ramgarhia Itihas By Gurdial singh Reehal.
8. Itihas Bagrian By Giani Gian singh ji.
9 Twarikh-Khalsa by Giani Gian singh
10. Brahm Giani Bhai Roop Chand Ji By Pritam singh Khokhar.

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